Guest Column by Kersi Meher-Homji: Parsis were pioneers of Cricket in India

Posted by on Monday, April 23rd, 2018 in Cricket



A minority community in India – only about 60,000 live there now – Parsis are the pioneers of cricket in India. Being anglophile in the 19th century, they were the first to learn the game of cricket from the Englishmen. When the Hindus and Muslims had little idea of what cricket was all about, the Parsis took a cricket team to England in 1886.


That was much before the legendary Ranji and Duleep mesmerised Englishmen with their elegant run-making.


Originally from Iran, the Parsis (also called Zoroastrians) – followers of prophet Zoroaster – settled in India about 1200 years ago because of religious persecution in Iran.


In all, 11 Parsis have played Test matches for India from 1932 (the first ever Test India played) to 1975. In alphabetical order they are: Soli Colah (2 Tests), Nari Contractor (31), Farokh Engineer (46), Jehangir Irani (2), Rustomji Jamshedji (1), Kharshed Meherhomji (1), Rusi Modi (10), Piloo Palia (2), Rusi Surti (26), Keki Tarapore (1) and Polly Umrigar (59).


Three of them; Engineer, Meherhomji and Irani were wicket-keepers.


Only Contractor (aged 84 years) and Engineer (80 years) are now alive. Umrigar and Contractor captained India with distinction. Handsome Farokh Engineer was a flamboyant personality, scoring runs aggressively and keeping wickets like an acrobat.


Enough is written on a majority of these Parsi Test cricketers. This article features two less known Parsi cricketers who played only one Test each and while batting, remained unbeaten.


As I reported in Parsiana magazine (India) earlier this month, two “ji”s of Indian cricket were unique characters. Both were good-looking Parsis, one was a slow left arm spinner, the other a wicket-keeper and a dare devil batsman – an earlier day Farokh Engineer.


They were Rustomji Jamshedji Dorabli Jamshedji (1892-1976) and my uncle the dashing debonair Kharshed Rustomji Meherhomji (1911-1982).


Jamshedji the first Parsi left-arm spinner


Jamshedji was the third Parsi to play Test cricket. The first two were Sorabji (Soli) HM Colah and Phiroz (Piloo) E Palia who were selected in the first ever Test match for India; against England at Lord’s in London in June 1932.


Jamshedji played only one Test, on Bombay Gymkhana in December 1933, the first Test on Indian soil.


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The England team on its way for the 1933-34 series in India


He was 41 years 27 days old when he made his debut against England in the Bombay Gymkhana Test of 1933 and remains India’s oldest Test debutant even after 85 years. The second oldest Test debutant for India was Cotar Ramaswami (40 years 39 days).


The only Indians to have played till over 40 years in age are Vinoo Mankad (last Test at 41 years, 300 days), Lala Amarnath (41y, 92d), CK Nayudu (40y, 289d), Sachin Tendulkar (40y, 204d), Ramaswami (40y, 60d) and Vijay Merchant (40y, 21d).


Jamshedji (“Jamsu” to his friends) remains the seventh oldest Test debutant in the world, after James Southerton (49 years, 119 days for England), Miran Bux for Pakistan (47y, 284d), Don Blackie for Australia (46y, 253d), Bert Ironmonger for Australia (46y, 237d), Nelson Betancourt for West Indies (42y, 242d) and Evelyn Rockley Wilson from England (41y, 337d).


Apart from Jamshedji, the only other Indian Test cricketers to be born in the 19th century were CK Nayudu (October 31, 1895) and Ramaswami (June 18, 1896). Ladha Ramji was born February 10, 1900.


Jamshedji tossed the ball up to batsmen uninhibitedly. He made his first-class debut at 30 and struck immediately, routing Europeans in the 1922-23 Quadrangular semi-final; capturing 7 for 85. In the final he took 4 for 61 and 7 for 61.


He made his Test debut alongside Ramji, LP Jai, Vijay Merchant and Lala Amarnath. He remained unbeaten in both innings, scoring 4 and 1. He bowled only once in the Test, returning figures of 35-4-137-3. His victims included England’s quality batsmen Charlie Barnett, Leslie Townsend, and Bryan Valentine.


Wrote Wisden 1935, “There was nothing better in the match than the catch made by Jamshedji, the slow bowler, in dismissing Townsend, a very hard return [catch] being held beautifully.”


His bowling action reminded British writers of Hedley Verity, the legendary English spinner.


Jamshedji continued to play first-class cricket till he was 46. Only 29 of his matches (spanned over 16 years from 1923 to 1939) were given first-class status. A tail-ender he scored 291 runs at an average of 11.19 but shone out as a top-class spinner capturing 134 wickets at an excellent average of 22.12.


The son of a bank employee in Bombay, Jamshedji worked as a clerk in Bombay Dyeing, a job he continued with after his playing days. He passed away aged 83. He will be remembered as the first specialist spinner to play Test cricket for India.


To quote the best-selling cricket  author of Spell-binding Spells Anindya Dutta, “One could in fact say it is poetic justice that it was a Parsi [Jamshedji] who has the honour of being India’s first top class spinner, given that it was his community who first embraced the game in India and helped make it mainstream.”


Another Parsi cricketer, Kharshed Meherhomji, also played only one Test, against England at Manchester in 1936, and always bragged to me in good humour, “No bowler could get me out in Test cricket.”


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Meherhomji on the extreme left as India goes out to field


This is how it happened. He was a reserve wicket-keeper and a dashing lower order batsman on that tour. Injury to the regular wicket-keeper D.D. Hindlekar gave him an opportunity to play his only Test. And he did not forget that magic moment till he died on 10 February 1982 aged 70.



As good-looking as Keith Miller and Imran Khan, Meherhomji had a delightful sense of humour. He was the life and soul of a dinner party despite a pronounced stammer. He remembered his only Test appearance fondly and frequently.


“We b-b-batted first and I came in to b-bat at no. 10 with the score under 200 [at 8 for 188]”, he recalled. “Our c-c-captain ‘Vizzy’ [Maharajkumar of Vizianagram] was soon out and I was joined by fast bowler Mohammad Nissar. He s-s-slogged and was out for 13 and I remained zero not out. As I did not bat in the second innings and was never selected in a Test again, I retired with a Test batting average of ‘infinity’! You might say that no b-b-bowler could get me out at Test level!”


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Wally Hammond on his way to 167 as Meherhomji watches helplessly


Nephew of stylish Parsi batsman Rustomji Pherozsha Meherhomji (1877-1943) who had toured England in 1911, Kharshed shed an unusual insight on England’s legendary batsman Wally Hammond. “D-d-don’t you believe that Hammond was w-weak on the leg side. We attacked his leg stump all the t-time and not one ball came to me behind the s-s-stumps. He on-drove, glanced and hooked our bowlers relentlessly as he scored a magnificent century [167].”



This Test is memorable as 588 runs were plundered on the second day which still remains a Test record 82 years later. The Test was drawn, the personal satisfaction for Uncle Kharshed was accepting skipper ‘Gubby’ Allen’s catch and conceding only five byes in England’s massive total of 8 declared for 571.


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Gubby Allen caught by Meherhomji


The two “ji”s combined brilliantly in the Bombay against Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) match on Bombay Gymkhana Ground in December 1933. MCC batsmen RJ Gregory and Hedley Verity were stumped Meherhomji bowled Jamshedji.


Jamshedji took three more wickets including those of master batsmen Charles Barnett, skipper Doug Jardine and Morris Nichols. Jamshedji finished with five wickets and Meherhomji with two catches and two stumpings. Meherhomji had also top-scored for Bombay with 21 runs out of Bombay’s pathetic total of 87 all out.


In 30 first-class matches from 1933 to 1946, Kharshed Meherhomji scored 656 runs at an average of 15.61 hitting two fifties, highest score 71, took 61 catches and stumped 10.


As mentioned in my story in Parsiana, his moment to cherish was hitting the dreaded English fast bowler of the bodyline fame Harold Larwood for four fours in five balls. This was for Parsees against Europeans at Bombay Gymkhana in 1936. I asked about this when I had interviewed Larwood in Sydney in 1980 and he replied with a smile, “One can’t remember being hit all over the park after so many years, can you?!”


Earlier, Meherhomji had become the first player to do a wicket-keeper’s “catching” hat-trick. On December 1, 1931, he accepted three catches off three successive balls from Ladha Ramji. This was for Freelooters against Railways in Secunderabad in the semi-final of the Moin-ud-Dowlah Gold Cup.


Since then the wicket-keeper’s catching hat-trick has been achieved only three times, all in England; by G.O Dawkes for Derbyshire in 1958, by R.C. Russell for Gloucestershire in 1986 and by T. Frost for Warwickshire in 2003.


But it took 75 years before Meherhomji’s “catching” hat-trick was considered first-class. In 2006, Wisden Cricinfo recognised that match as first-class.


Unfortunately, he was not alive to hear of this recognition.



18 responses to “Guest Column by Kersi Meher-Homji: Parsis were pioneers of Cricket in India”

  1. Ram Vaidyanathan says:

    Superb article about a little known and less celebrated community and their contribution to Indian cricket. While Farokh Engineer and Nari Contractor are quite well known, the others are no less impressive. Thank you Mr Meher-Homji and indeed Anindya, for enlightening us.

  2. Thank you Ram Vaidyanathan for your encouraging comment. Apart from Engineer and Contractor, Polly Umrigar was the most prolific Indian batsman before 1970s.He was also a useful medium-pacer. Rusi Modi was an elegant batsman and Rusi Surti a useful all-rounder.

    • Ram Vaidyanathan says:

      Pardon me Sir, I should have said that the two mentioned gentlemen were favourites of mine. Of course, I was aware of Polly Umrigar and for a long time, his tally of 12 centuries was a benchmark till one Mr Gavaskar strode in.

  3. How’s this for domination by a minority?
    Parsi cricketers reached the zenith when four of them played in Test matches against West Indies in West Indies in 1962. They were skipper Contractor, former captain Umrigar, wicket-keeper Engineer and all-rounder Surti.
    Four players in an eleven makes it 36.36 percent. To put it in perspective, Parsis then constituted only 0.00007 percent of the Indian population!

  4. Somasundaram V.. says:

    Let us therefore pay them a huge tribute for their contribution to the Indian cricket..Excellent article..

  5. Venkat says:

    What a fantastic piece Kersi…. made my evening…
    Each passing day makes me realise that there is so much
    more to know… Can I take this opportunity to bring into discussion maybe the only lady Parsee cricketer, Diana
    Looking forward to more….

  6. Chinmoy Jena says:

    Enjoyed every line of the article! A community I respected a lot for their contribution to Indian economy courtesy the Tatas, the Wadias and many others. My respect for them has multiplied manifold by knowing their rich cricketing tradition.I knew about Contractor,Engineer, Umrigar and Surti being Parsis but knew precious little about the rest barring Rusi Modi.Thanks for highlighting the cricketers from the great community of yours Mr. Meher-Homji.

  7. Sreeram says:

    The hattrick of Meherhomji is a worth a second look. It is probable that Ramji’s hattrick was split across two overs, in which case Meherhomji did not take a hattrick, having taken 9 balls for his three catches.

  8. Thank you all for your compliments.

    Sreeram, Ramji’s hat-trick in the November 30, 1931 Moin-ud-Dowlah tournament was taken in three balls in one over. To quote F.E. Devitre in Sportsweek magazine of November 30, 1975 describing the 1931 match. “A tense Secunderabad crowd watches the semi-final clash between Freelooters and the Railways. The general sense of expectancy raises fever-pitch as India’s feared fast bowler L. Ramji leaps up to bowl to Railways Ganesh Rao. A snick results which is gobbled up in the large safe hands of K.R. Meherhomji keeping wickets.
    “That dismissal was the start of a unique hat-trick. When next man Himayatullah is also sent packing by the same combination, the chatter gives way to a roar. In comes Amin. He too spars outside the off stump and Meherhomji’s heavenwards leap and Ramji’s loud bellow is indication enough that something unique has occurred: the wicket-keeper’s hat-trick! Three batsmen caught by the wicket-keeper off three successive balls.”
    Wisden did not include this as a first-class then. Ace statistician Bill Frindall wrote, “We have never considered this match as first-class. The match was a semi-final — and it has been the practice of statistician to include only the finals of that tournament as first-class.

    What stupid logic!

    Vijay Merchant protested against this. But no response.

    However, in 2006 Wisden Cricinfo recognised that match as first-class.

    • Sreeram says:

      Thank you. CricketArchive lists the three batsmen in the hattrick as the last three dismissed, and Ramji’s spell was 8.1 overs long. Hence my query. I guess the FoW list is incorrect.

      Fredun De Vitre used to host Doordarshan sports programmes in the 80s. Hadn’t heard his name for a long time since then.

      • Sreeram says:

        Just checked the scorecard. It says that the hattrick involved the wickets 8,9 and 10. Devitre’s wickets were 7,8,9 or 6,7, 8. That is where the difference comes from.

  9. Anindya Dutta says:

    Kersi – I just realised a Parsi who played Test cricket but not for India was Ronnie Irani ! Of course Diana Eduljee played Womens Test cricket as well.

  10. Asif karmali says:

    Excellent piece Kersi. Could sense the pride and passion and justifiably so.
    India owes a lot to this community for their contribution to sports, industry, healthcare, hospitality and above all philanthropy.

    Their ability to laugh at themselves is another trait that sets them apart.

    Keep in swinging Kersi

  11. Krish Chandran says:

    Prsees in the early years played for Parsee XI/teams and NOT for India. After 1932 (CK Nayudu’s team to England and well before Independence), Indians played for India. Period. Leave this that way and we can all enjoy India’s contribution to cricket history since then/\. Actualy, looking deeper into any community cricket is not pleasant and has, in some cases, quite a subservient status that was accepted in order to remain in favour with the ruling colonialists – starting with being appointed as Compradors to the Portuguese and then transferring loyalties to the British when the city of ‘Bombay’ was given as a wedding present to the ruling British monarch. How fortunes change!!!

    • Anindya Dutta says:

      Krish – While it is the right thing to do to look at the national contribution to cricket, history cannot be wiped away because we choose to look at things differently today. We would lose a lot of our heritage if we let political correctness dictate us in sports. The reality is that yes cricket in India started from the basis of teams separated by religion. That may well have been manoeuvred by the British. But that is the history. So the history of the sport does have its roots in different communities. Within this lie the great stories of a Palwankar Baloo, an untouchable who briefly captained the Hindoos while Gandhiji was still struggling to get basic rights to the Dalits. So cricket has been a great leveller through the ages. The Parsees were the first to adopt the game so their contribution to Indian cricket is unparalleled. In this context its important what Kersi has penned here from a great cricket historian’s perspective first and a Parsi perspective second.

  12. Dr. Adil M. Wadia says:

    Well played Kersi! Being a Parsi and a devoted fan of Indian Cricket Team, I was not only proud but delighted to read about the accomplishments of Parsi cricketers who represented India.

    Parsis who played in Ranji Trophy include Jehangir Khot and Zubin Bharucha. Arzan Nagwaswalla being the most recent Parsi to play in the Ranji Trophy.

    Polly Umrigar (known respectfully as Polly Kaka) was the doyen of Indian cricket and held the record for most tests played and most runs scored in test, which was surpassed by a gentleman who went by the name of Sunil Manohar Gavaskar. Polly Kaka was also the manager when Dilip Vengsarkar made his test debut on the 1976 tour of New Zealand. This is when traveling overseas for an Indian cricketer was considered to be a monumental undertaking. Polly Kaka was held in such high esteem that Dilip’s guardians who came to see him off have believed to have mentioned to Polly Umrigar that “Polly Kaka, as long as you are in charge we have nothing to worry about”. Wonderful times!

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