The ‘Invincibles’ on my Wall – The story of the 1948 Australian Team Sheet

Posted by on Tuesday, April 18th, 2017 in Cricket


The many coloured inks of the eighteen signatures on the Australian ‘Team Sheet’ have long dried. The signatories have all passed on but for youngest member of the side. But the stories around those 56 days on the voyage and the 112 days of brilliant cricket (of the 144 days spent on tour in Great Britain), have become the stuff of lore, taking on a life of their own in the telling and re-telling over the past 69-years.


It has often been asked – was the 1948 Australian side the best Test team of all time?


Were they better than Clive Lloyd’s West Indies of the 1980’s which boasted the jaw dropping exploits of Vivian Richards, that were all but overshadowed by the most fearsome battery of fast bowlers cricket has ever known?


Were they better than Steve Waugh and Ricky Ponting’s Australia of the Nineties and Noughties who beat all comers?


Were they better than Warwick Armstrong’s 1921 side which hammered the English on that tour when nothing that the home team did could stop the juggernaut?


Those are debates that will go on forever, and there will never be a clear answer, and indeed there should not. For greatness does not need to be counted in the singular.


What is not open to debate is that on the 1948 Tour of Great Britain, the Australians under Donald Bradman played 31 first-class fixtures and three other games across the length and breadth of England and Scotland, and did not lose a single match that English summer.  They thus became the first Test team to tour England and not lose a match, earning themselves the sobriquet of The Invincibles.


It is indisputable that in the Summer of ’48, Don Bradman, at the age of 40, led a team of players, who crossed the oceans with intent, with resolve, with enormous talent in their ranks and with the dogged will to win all that they could, and showed the world, that at least for that wonderful post-war summer, they were truly Invincible.


After years of destruction and loss of human life, and in a Britain where the populace continued to face rationing, the 1948 Australian team brought back the joy of cricket at its very best. Bradman had announced before the tour, that it was going to be his last, and this combined with the Australians’ swashbuckling style of cricket on the field and the swagger on and off it, was a breath of fresh air to the thousands clamouring to get into the grounds to witness history being made.


While the result of the tour was not uniformly pleasing to the peoples of the two nations, there can be no doubt that the quality of the cricket was of the highest order.


The 1948 Australian team, besides Bradman, comprised of Lindsay Hassett (vice-captain), Arthur Morris (co-opted selector), Sid Barnes, Bill Brown, Ron Hamence, Neil Harvey, Ian Johnson, Bill Johnston, Ray Lindwall, Sam Loxton, Colin McCool, Keith Miller, Doug Ring, Ron Saggers, Don Tallon, and Ernie Toshack.


Other than the 26 of the 31 first-class matches, they won four of the five Tests (drawing the third at Manchester thanks to rain) by, successively, eight wickets, 409 runs, seven wickets, and an innings and 149 runs. Bradman and his batsmen failed to make 200 only twice on the entire tour, while his bowlers dismissed the opposition for less than 200 an astonishing 37 times, and seven times for under 100. They scored more than 350 twenty four times, while the highest score against them outside the Tests was 299 by Nottinghamshire. Bradman’s men won half their 34 matches by an innings. The team’s 50 centuries were shared by 11 players, seven of whom passed 1000 runs.


Those are staggering numbers, for any team, under any circumstances. When it is achieved on a single tour over a three month period, it is truly astounding. It is little surprise therefore that the team earned the Invincibles tag.


It is also no surprise therefore that something like the official ‘Team Sheet’ of the 1948 Australian side, which is a single sheet of paper autographed by this incredible team, should be a treasured item.


Frank Keating, writing in Cricinfo almost 20-years ago described how as a 10-year old in 1948, he sent off his autograph book to Don Bradman with a request to sign and mail it back to him. “I posted my autograph book off to Worcester, with an SAE for safe return. It contained a few Gloucestershire heroes from the summer before, and I addressed it to Mr Donald Bradman himself. By return came a single sheet. The whole touring party had signed. What awestruck privileged joy”.


I can fully appreciate how he felt, for I felt that joy and thrill in no small measure, when I received my own copy a few weeks ago in the post, even if mine was not despatched to me by The Don himself.


Keating wrote, and I quote, “Half-a-century on, I see them still, headed by the captain’s neatly rhythmic joined-together writing: ` D. G. Bradman’- both full-stops meticulously in place. I drooled over the neat upright ` W. A. Brown’ and the cack-handed, more squiggly ` A. R. Morris’ and his fellow leftie apprentice, schoolboyish ` Neil Harvey’. School-masterly and precisely formed was ` R. A. Hamence’, but ` Colin McCool’ and ` D Ring’ were almost illegible hieroglyphics, as you might expect from leg-spin tweakers. And the mesmerising all-rounder hero stood out, of course, seeming to sign `eith iller’ in a readable sub-copperplate, and then adding the capitals K and M in a couple of gorgeously bold and flowery flourishes. The two wicket-keepers’ hands were both trim, straight-forward and standing up: ` Don Tallon’ and ` R. A. Saggers‘.”


All is not as it seems however, as far as this particular set of autograph sheets is concerned.


If one looks a bit closer at the sheet, it is obvious that the mercurial Sidney Barnes’ signature does not quite appear next to his name, nor exactly on the ruled line it is supposed to be confined to, and seems almost printed on the paper. And as always with Sid Barnes, there is a story behind it.


As Keating explained, and contemporary accounts testify, “on the liner Strathaird coming over, captain Bradman and manager Keith Johnson, both hot on PR, had given each player a huge sheaf of these blank sheets headed by the Australian crest and told them to sign each one and then pass them on. In all, 5000 were filled. It was a fearful chore, and only the ferret-sharp Barnes had been ready for it. Before embarking he had made a rubber stamp bearing his signature, and when his turn came, he apparently paid a pocket-money pittance to a youthful shipmate to stamp his 5000.”


What is delightful about this little shenanigan, is that, while none of the 5000 ‘team sheets’, including the ones owned by Frank Keating and myself have Sidney Barnes’ actual signature, its mere absence and substitution by a rubber stamp, cleverly inserted,  in some strange way, makes these sheets even more unique.


Poetic as Keating’s eloquence is however, what I see on that parchment is a bit different from what he observed.


Where he saw Bradman’s “neatly rhythmic joined-together writing”, I see the bold stroke of the pen that is still solidly imprinted on the page, put there by that same supremely firm right hand which guided the bottom of the bat as the ball sped to all parts of the ground while The Don accumulated  his 50,371 runs. On that last tour, Bradman scored 2428 runs in the 23 first-class matches that he played, at an average just below 90, with 11 centuries, leaving plenty of memories for his fans to cherish.


Where he saw the great Keith Miller, “adding the capitals K and M in a couple of gorgeously bold and flowery flourishes.”, I see the image of my favourite dashing war hero running in, gripping the red cherry firmly in his right hand as he prepares to hand out some ‘chin music’ to the next hapless batsman.  Miller, with his barrage of short-pitched bowling, helped subdue Len Hutton and Dennis Compton, England’s best batsmen, and took the wind out of the English sails. He made life so difficult for Hutton, that England dropped him for the Third Test. In all first-class matches on the tour, Miller took 56 wickets at 17.58 and scored 1088 runs at an average of 47.30.


After Bradman, the firmest hand on that page is of the man who opened the bowling with Miller, a bowler I would have given anything to be able to see perform at his peak. His Ashes opponent John Warr held that “if one were granted one last wish in cricket, it would be the sight of Ray Lindwall opening the bowling in a Test match“.


In that 1948 series, Lindwall took 27 wickets in Tests, 86 on the tour. Jack Robertson, a Middlesex opener good enough to play for England, ended in hospital with a broken jaw. Dennis Compton was carried off, in the middle of a courageous 145 at Old Trafford, after trying to hook a no ball. A cricket writer in England was to say about Lindwall, “Most of his cricket was played at the highest level, on the best wickets and against strong opposition. His skill, unaccompanied by histrionics, was something for the connoisseur to savour.”


And then there is Keating’s “schoolboyish” signatory Neil Harvey. At 19-years of age, Harvey was the youngest member of the touring party, and at the time, the youngest Australian to have scored a Test century when he made 153 against India during the previous Australian summer. Speaking about his selection, Bradman had uttered these prophetic words, “He has the brilliance and daring of youth, and the likelihood of rapid improvement.”


I wonder, as the youngest member of the squad, and his junior by some thirteen years, was Harvey the “youthful shipmate” that Keating refers to, who was made to apply the “Sidney Barnes” rubber stamp 5000 times during that 28-day voyage? (We can ask Neil Harvey, for he is the only member of that side still with us, but I am not sure he will tell!)


If that was indeed the case, it is a bizarre twist in the tale.


Neil Harvey had to wait until the Fourth Test of the 5-Test series before he could get into the Australian Test XI on that tour, and making place for him, was an injured Sid Barnes! Harvey scored 112 in a first innings counter-attack to keep Australia in contention after they had suffered a top-order collapse. Harvey then hit the winning boundary in the second innings as Australia won the match with a Test world record successful run-chase of 3/404. He retained his place for the Fifth Test, ending the series with 133 runs at a batting average of 66.50.


The members of that 1948 team, but for Neil Harvey have all passed on, as sadly has the brilliant Frank Keating. The tales of The Invincible tour will however continue to be told long after the current keepers of the few surviving ‘Team Sheets’ including myself are gone. And coming generations of cricket fans will continue to react with awe at the achievements of that group of brilliant cricketers who brought back the simple joy of enjoying cricket to a world torn apart by War.


In the meantime, for the coming decades, my personal piece of Invincibles history will adorn my study wall, telling me stories of that magnificent summer of 1948.










11 responses to “The ‘Invincibles’ on my Wall – The story of the 1948 Australian Team Sheet”

  1. Kersi Meher-Homji says:

    Excellent piece, Anindya. I mean the article and not just a piece of priceless autographed paper!
    One correction: Neil Harvey is still alive. He is 88 years young.

    • Anindya Dutta says:

      Thank you so much Kersi. My apologies for that unpardonable error which I have now corrected. Please give my regards to your friend Neil when you see him next on your walk! And do ask him the question about the Sidney Barnes signature!

      • Kersi Meher-Homji says:

        Anindya, I used to meet Neil Harvey at St Ives Shopping Centre in Sydney but have not since a long time. He is more of a hero than a friend but he always greets me with a smile.
        Sydney Barnes rubber stamping his autograph is true. Many cricket historians including David Frith, the former editor of “Wisden Cricket Monthly”, had told me this story.

  2. Abhishek Mukherjee says:

    This is a beautiful tale. Thank you.

  3. Anindya Dutta says:

    There is a superb article by Abhishek Mukherjee that (among other things) shows exactly how incredible the performance of the Invincibles was given the insane schedule of matches they played on the tour. Here is an excerpt and the link to his article.

    “Don Bradman’s Invincibles played 34 matches on the tour, 31 of which were given First-Class status. These also included 5 Tests. Bradman’s side remained unbeaten throughout the tour, winning the Test series 4-0.

    Let us, however, start from the beginning. The Australians played two practice matches in Tasmania, winning both by an innings. The first match at Hobart was scheduled to end on March 6, while the other, at Launceston, started on the 8th. Ten Tasmanians played both matches as well.

    The distance between the two cities (198.8 km) takes 2 hours 27 minutes to cover if one takes Tasmania National Highway 1 in 2017. There are two things to remember here: the cars were not as fast, and the roads were nowhere as good.

    The other practice match, at WACA, started on March 13, and ended in a draw. They left Fremantle on RMS Strathaird on March 19 and reached Tilbury on April 16. That meant 28 days of travel. They halted in Ceylon on March 27, but there was no respite: they had to play a one-day single-innings match that ended in a draw.

    Now for the fun bit: the Australians started their first match on April 28; their last match ended on September 18. That is a stretch of 144 days.

    What was the schedule like? The Australians were supposed to play 34 matches in all. The 5 Tests accounted for 25 days; the 26 other First-Class matches, another 78 days; and the 3 Second-Class matches, 6 more days. That is a total of 109 playing days.

    Thankfully, they were given the 20 Sundays off. If there was a Sunday during a match, that was counted as a rest day.

    That makes it 125 possible days. During this period, they were scheduled to play 109 days of cricket. They were scheduled to get 35 days of rest (including Sundays) in a 144-day span. That amounted to 1.7 ‘leaves’ a week.

    Do modern cricketers play more? IPL 2016 lasted for 51 days. The most a team can play is 17 days (14 league matches and 3 playoffs, only applicable to sides that lose Qualifier 1 but win Qualifier 2). That is 40 hours of cricket every three days. For a bowler, that would be a maximum of 4 overs of bowling every three days — of course, travel excluded.”

  4. Ritesh says:

    Super piece. Enjoyed it.
    Ye dil maange more

  5. JK says:

    Lovely writing… kudos… reminds one of Bumble’s anecdote about the Lankans signing bats !

    • Anindya Dutta says:

      Thanks so much JK! The kind words are much appreciated. Please do register on the site so that you can stay updated on the writing.

  6. Anindya Dutta says:

    A Note from Spiro Zavos (renowned Australian Sports journalist, former columnist at the Sydney Morning Herald, and Kiwi first-class cricketer) on this article which he emailed me:

    Hi Anindya

    I enjoyed this piece a lot. What I look for in sports stories, any journalism in fact, is something new. To me at least, you did this very well. Bringing in the autograph sheet was a terrific idea. Running a photo of it and then adding in the Sid Barnes story was great stuff for me and our readers.

    What’s next?


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